Any person eighteen years of age or older who knowingly or willfully causes, aids, abets, encourages, solicits, or recruits a person under the age of eighteen years to participate in a criminal street gang is guilty of Encouraging a Minor to Participate in a Criminal Street Gang.
ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF OFFENSE
The State’s burden of proof is satisfied if the evidence shows, beyond a reasonable doubt, the following essential elements:
1) On or about [month] [day] [year], in [County], North Dakota;
2) The Defendant, __________, knowingly or willfully [caused] [aided] [abetted] [encouraged] [solicited] [recruited] a person under the age of eighteen years to participate in a criminal street gang; and
3) The Defendant was eighteen years of age or older.
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